Sunday, July 31, 2011

An Epic Journey part 2

  اسلام عليكم ور حمت الله وبر كته

For this week, the second part of muqadimah, before we can proceed to the tafseer of Surah Yusuf:

Classification of Revelation: Makki/ Madani
Do the ayat within Surah Yusuf comply with the general theme of Makkan verses? And if not, what lesson can be derived from this?
No, Surah Yusuf is an exception of Makkan definition; these principles are used at most circumstances but not all

The Bismillah
This formula of connecting in the name of God is referred to as ‘Bismillah’ in Arabic language

Is the bismillah is an ayat like the other ayat of the Al-Quran?
Scholars agree
….that the bismillah is an ayat of the Qur’an in Surat al-Naml Q 27:20
….that the bismillah is not recited when commencing Surah At-Tawbah (Q 9) i.e it is not an ayat in this surah

Scholars disagree
… ..about whether the Bismillah is an ayat of the Qur’an in other places of Allah’s book.

There are 5 famous opinions on whether the bismillah is one of the ayat of the Qur’an or not:
  1. The bismillah is an ayat fom the ayat of the Qur’an
  2. The bismillah is not an ayat at the beginning of each surah, rather it is present as a means of earning blessings.
  3. The bismillah is only an ayat at the beginning of Surah Al-Fatihah, and in all other places is used only to separate one surah from the next.
  4. The bismillah is an ayat of the Qur’an according to some qira’at (modes of recitation), and not an ayat according to other qira’at.
  5. The bismillah is an independent ayat that exist at the beginning of each surah but not as part of that surah

The evidence below will illustrate that the strongest opinion is opinion no 5, and Allah knows best.

The scholars who hold this view states that the writing of the bismillah in the same Qur’anic font (al-rasm al-‘Uthmani) is evidence that it is a part of the Al-Qur’an.
Furthermore the bismillah has been placed independently before the surah it precedes, providing it is an entity in its own right and not part of the surah

Evidence from the sunnah supporting evidence no 5
1. The Prophet (SAW) said; “Indeed there is a surah in the Qur’an which consist of 30 verses. These ayat will intercede on behalf of its reciter until he is forgiven, and it is Surah Al-Mulk (Q 67).” [Hadith found in the Sunan (authentic) book of hadiths, it is regarded as hasan (sound) by Al-Tirmidhi]

2. Also, after wakening from unconsciousness the Prophet said, “A surah was just revealed to me shortly”, and recited Surat Al-Kawthar (Q. 108) [i.e with the bismillah]. Reported in Muslim’s Sahih.

3. Abu Hurayrah (RA) related that Allah’s messenger once said that Allah said “I have divided up the salah between My servant and Myself; one half is for him and the other half’s is for Me, and My servant will get whatever he asked for”; [i.e the bismillah is not referred to as the first ayat] reported in Muslim’s Sahih

4. The famous hadith of Ibnu Abbas in which the beginning of the wahi (revelation) is described. This hadith reports that Jibril came to the prophet and recited : Surah al-Alaq, 96 : 1-5 [i.e he did not start with bismillah].

5. Anas reported that he offered salah behind the Prophet, Abu Bakr, Umar and Uthman, and all of them commenced their salah with “alhamdu li….” (i.e they did not recite bismillah aloud as part of the surah,) [Recorded in Sahih Muslim and part of it is found in Sahih Al-Bukhari]

The Disjoined Letters

" Aliff Lam Ra.."
*[These letters are one of the miracles of the Qur’an, and none but Allah knows their meanings]

Huruf al-muqatta’at (the disjoined letters)
Huruf al-Muqatta’at are unique letters combination that begin certain surahs of the Qur’an. These letters are written together as if to make up a word, but each letter is pronounced separately.

Of the 28 letters if the Arabic alphabet, exactly one half appear as muqatta’at, either as singly or in combinations of two, three, four or five. The fourteen letters are:

أ ح ر س ص ط ع ق  ك ل م ن ه ي

The most common of 14 letters in mim, which appears in 17 surahs. The least common are the kaf and nun; each occurring only once.

What is the meaning and purpose of these letters?
There are several views regarding the meanings of these disjoined letters. Some views are considered acceptable and others are unacceptable. Some of the views mentioned by scholars;

1. These letters are from the unclear ayat (mutashabihat) of the Qur’an and their true (inner) meaning is only known to Allah SWT

Other ayat that referred to as mutashabihat are the ayat that speaks about Allah, the Heavens and the unseen, as their full meanings are obscure and unknowable.

2. They serve the same purpose as other oaths in the Qur’an, similar to the ayat

و ا لعصر
و ا لتين
لتين و ٲ لز يتو ن   وا
However, the mufassirun reject this view, stating that the Arabs never took oath in this manner. They also never used single letters to indicate that an oath was being taken.

3. These names are from the names of Allah, for example the letter alif stands for Allah, the letter mim stands for Majid (the most Glorious), the letter lam stands for Latif (the Most Courteous and Subtle) and so on.

4. They stand for specific meanings.
For example, the letters:
• It was a practice of the Arab to speak at times using letters instead of words. The following couplet of Arabic poetry mentioned by b. Faris (d. 395 AH) illustrates this:
Qulna laha : qifi, faqalat : qaf” - “We said to her stop, and she said ‘qaf’”
[Short for waqaftu, ‘I have stopped’]

5. They are names of the surahs; thus it is possible to say Surah Ya-Sin, Surah Qaf, Surah Ta-Ha, etc..

6. They serve as reference to the other half of the Arabic alphabet, thus reminding the Arabs of the superior nature of the Qur’an, given that it was revealed using their letters and words, and yet cannot be imitated in its style and prose.

That’s all for today. We will start with the ayat from Surah Yusuf next time, insyaAllah :) . In the mean time, Selamat Menyambut Ramadhan, may we be able to utilize the Holy months to the max of our ability. Wallahu’alam.

Tuesday, July 26, 2011

Talkative Tuesday: Bersih 2.0 Exposed – Bersih Is Politics

Following dieya's talkative Tuesday theme, I would like to share something that I received last week via mail from an internet acquaintance. I hope this goes viral. Its a long read, but worth it.
The Bersih 2.0 rally on the 9th July 2011 caught the attention of our political leaders as well as the international media.
I am fortunate to be working overseas for the last 10 years. I do love Malaysia and look forward to come back once I have completed my career goals. As a proud citizen of Malaysia, I would like to provide an independent assessment and inject some rational thinking on the current situation.
Many Malaysians who joined the rally on the 9th July 2011 have witnessed the level of unity in rallying for the same cause, i.e a fair elections for the country. There has not been one event in Malaysia for some time that has rallied so much support to fight for one cause.
Whether it is planned or unplanned, the NGOs and the organizers have rallied support from the political leaders (mainly opposition) to catapult this rally to a different level. While the objectives of the rally were apparently focused purely on electoral reform, most Malaysians surely would recognise that the Bersih rally has become – whether rightly or wrongly – political in nature, much like the protest rallies which took place during the Reformasi days of Anwar Ibrahim in 1997. The logic and rationale behind getting 20,000 – 50,000 people to show up on the streets remains a mystery despite the existence of various open and civilized channels. Even more interestingly, the leader of Bersih 2.0, Datuk Ambiga, was granted an audience with the King several days before the date of the rally, which was ostensibly called so that Bersih 2.0 can hand over a memorandum to the King!
However you look at the Bersih 2.0, one has to give all credit to the organizers for orchestrating a successful event / rally, especially in terms of impacting the thinking of the mass population of Malaysians.
On that note, I think there are generally two groups in this country. The first group is the silent majority (i.e those who prefers to stay home and be with their families in the wake of a rally). This group probably constitutes 80% of our population. Most of the time, they are happy to lead their own lives, and are mostly happy with the way things are in Malaysia. There are probably one or two things they aren’t too happy with, but nothing that would spur them to complain to the newspapers or in the blogs.
The second group is what I consider to be the loud minority. These are folks who are perpetually unhappy over the way things are in our fair country. Maybe they don’t like certain policies which have been put in place (and which have likely contributed in some way or other to the current prosperity and success of our country!) In any case, these are the ones who usually speak (and sometimes scream) the loudest on blogs and Youtube, injecting truth and lies and using emotional or racial sentiments to make their point.
While I respect the right of the 20,000 – 50,000 people that attended the Bersih 2.0 rally to demonstrate peacefully, I feel that they were mostly taken for a ride by the loud minority.
If one were to interview the people on the street who came to the rally on the 9th of July 2011 and ask them the question “What are you fighting for today, sir?”, I can guarantee many of them are not able to answer accurately. The majority of those who turned up on the streets are rempits, pakcik tua on the street, people from the village and some unfortunate urban poor people who were given false hope that rallying alone can somehow change the country.
While many Facebook supporters have “liked” Bersih 2.0 before the rally, you can see only a handful of professionals, private sector people, gathered on the street on the actual day.
What you will hear generally are various answers such as “Walk of democracy”, “We want fair democracy”, “We hate the Government”, “Say no to Corruption”, “Reformasi”, “Allahuakbar”, etc.
From here, you can witness inconsistencies of understanding among those who claim to support Bersih 2.0. This is not surprising, since the Bersih 2.0 organizers are rallying a vast number of different groups (NGOs as well as politically-motivated groups) to support one cause. Hence, the understanding and true intention of Bersih 2.0 was “simplified” to ignite more fire and encourage a herd mentality amongst the people.
The problem with the whole Bersih 2.0 campaign is that people forget to really look at the 8 points that the Bersih proponents are pursuing. Most of the people in the street rally don’t even have a clue about any or all of the 8 points and the argument for and against each of them. The whole thing has evolved into a war of perception which is based on a simplistic divide:
(A) If you support Bersih, then you reject corruption and embrace democracy and you are righteous
(B) If you reject Bersih, then you are dirty, corrupt, anti democracy and wicked
Given this war of perception, it is clear that (A) will win over (B) in terms of popular public support. The opposition joined in on (A) and the Government and the EC, including Barisan Nasional is demonized.
When I watched the Youtube videos on Bersih 2.0, the organizers were being very rhetorical about the rally, and why Malaysians should attend the rally. Because Bersih 2.0 has now “transformed” from the original 8 demands into the subject of “Cops are bad, look at this country”, most Malaysians are now fueled with anger. Nonchalantly, the 8 demands has now been quietly swept aside without any discussion or debate or clear explanation from the present Government.
That is why I would like to return to the original point of Bersih 2.0: the 8-point demands for electoral reform from Bersih 2.0. Let us, Malaysians, return back to the subject. The 8-point demand.
I hope my independent assessment on the 8 demands by BERSIH v2.0 will inject some rational thinking and perspective so that all Malaysians can appreciate the context and content rather than marching on the streets aimlessly without any clear objective or reason.
Lets now look at the 8 demands raised by Bersih and subject them to scrutiny:
1. Clean the electoral roll
The electoral roll is marred with irregularities such as deceased persons and multiple persons registered under a single address or non-existent addresses. The electoral roll must be revised and updated to wipe out these ‘phantom voters’. The rakyat have a right to an electoral roll that is an accurate reflection of the voting population.
In the longer term, BERSIH 2.0 also calls for the EC to implement an automated voter registration system upon eligibility to reduce irregularities.
Based on the CIA World Fact book, death in Malaysia is 4.93 per 1,000 population (based on July 2011). Through extrapolation, for 28 million population, the estimated number of deaths in a year is 138,040 persons. Assuming the information is not updated in JPN over a period of 5 years, on a worst case scenario, the total “un-updated record of deceased persons” is 690,020 people.
According to the EC, we have 11.4 million registered voters. Assuming EC did not update their database due deceased people, this represent 6% inaccuracy of the true / actual registered voters.
Malaysians should ask: can a 6% “inaccuracy / irregularity” (on a worst case scenario) be a strong point to bash the EC or the Government for being unfair? I think this is absurd and politically motivated.
The fact that the opposition won more states in the next GE showed that fair election / democracy is in place.
Therefore, my question for those who are politically inclined: does the 6% translate into a sure win for the the political parties (including opposition) in the next GE?
For automatic voter registration as proposed by Bersih v2.0, many people have expressed disagreement on this subject.
There is a writer who posted something in Malaysian Insider that I would like to share…
“Not that I have anything against people registering to vote.
I am a registered voter myself. However, to force something on someone — be it religion, racism and even voter registration — is something I just can’t agree with.
It’s against a person’s free will. I see it as similar to parents determining their kids’ religions at birth; performing circumcision on a kid who doesn’t know any better; or even how parents of a male child with no penis would show off their kid in a photo opportunity for the Malaysian media, as we saw in 2009.
There are many fears in having an automatic-registration system, primarily on the basis of privacy.”
As for voters registered with a non-existent addresses, everyone knows that we move from one place to another as we grow. Let’s assume that Ali was born in Kuala Lipis. He has an IC which has the address of his family in Kuala Lipis. 20 years later he migrated to Kuala Lumpur, then 5 years later he was posted to Terengganu for offshore assignment with Murphy Oil. 6 years later he was posted to lead a project in Sarawak. Does it mean he has to update his IC address and inform EC every time he moves to another address?
If let’s say 10 million of our population is affected by this, do you think it is practical to enforce it in reality my dear fellow Malaysians?
In short, Bersih’s demand of the automatic voters registration basically forces people to be registered. And that cannot be seen as democracy!
It definite contradicts Bersih’s principles of having a fair democracy.
2. Reform postal ballot
The current postal ballot system must be reformed to ensure that all citizens of Malaysia are able to exercise their right to vote. Postal ballot should not only be open for all Malaysian citizens living abroad, but also for those within the country who cannot be physically present in their voting constituency on polling day. Police, military and civil servants too must vote normally like other voters if not on duty on polling day.
The postal ballot system must be transparent. Party agents should be allowed to monitor the entire process of postal voting.
According to the Government website, Malaysia has approximately 1.2 million civil servants. The police & military are consistently on duty and geographically dispersed throughout the country. In fact, they are on duty too during elections, etc.
If the police, military are forced to vote normally, then they are forced to leave their duty in various locations. Imagine leaving the jungle, strategic border locations just to vote. I think this is not practical at all.
On this note, Bersih 2.0 also made a proposal to EC for party agents to monitor the entire process of postal voting. Well, this has not happened in any other countries. Please name me one country which allows parties on both divide to “intervene” in the EC processes or postal voting.
Also, postal voting happens not only for police and military personnel who are on duty, but also Malaysians who vote overseas. If Bersih 2.0 wants party agents to be allowed to monitor the entire process of postal voting, does that mean that party agents need to be posted whenever and wherever there are Malaysians voting overseas? (I’m sure some of them don’t mind having the excuse to have a nice holiday overseas, “in the name of democracy”!)
I think this proposal suggests deep paranoia and mistrust of key institutions in the country, including the Elections Commission (SPR), which I think is simply pathetic.
In conclusion, there has not been any real issues in terms of postal voting, whether in Malaysia or in other countries. After all, from a bigger picture perspective, the impact of postal votes is small compared to the actual votes in the various constituencies.
As a citizen who support fair elections in this country, I suggest that we should be focusing on the actual voting mechanism at the various constituencies rather than debating day and night on postal voting, which, in reality, produces a minimal impact to the election results.
For those who are politically inclined to dwell on the numbers and think that this is still not fair because the postal votes can ensure a better win, imagine this: Assuming 100% of the 1.2 million servants are forced to do postal voting, that represent 10% of the 11.4 million registered voters in this country. Assuming ceteris paribus, if you divide 11.4 million registered voters by 222 constituencies, that is 51,351 votes for each constituency. Therefore the postal votes (i.e 10% of 11.4m) constitute 5,400 votes vs. 51,351 votes.
With all the anger and insult which I hear from the political leaders and Bersih organizers, my conclusion is simple. The impact of postal voting to the overall result is minimal.
The majority swing or “success” for each political party is based on the actual voters who attend, register and vote on the actual election day. Surely as Malaysians, we shouldn’t be so easily fuelled and vortexed into something so small until we lose our logical reasoning.
I ask again the question to my dear fellow Malaysians. Looking at the maths, is this something worth fighting for? Is this what we call unfair election or democracy by the opposition?
3. Use of indelible ink
Indelible ink must be used in all elections. It is a simple, affordable and effective solution in preventing voter fraud. In 2007, the EC decided to implement the use of indelible ink. However, in the final days leading up to the 12th General Elections, the EC decided to withdraw the use of indelible ink citing legal reasons and rumours of sabotage.
Bersih 2.0 demands for indelible ink to be used for all the upcoming elections. Failure to do so will lead to the inevitable conclusion that there is an intention to allow voter fraud.
Less than 20 countries out of 194 countries use inedible ink in their elections. Indelible ink is NOT used bydeveloped countries such as the United States, United Kingdom, Hong Kong, Singapore, France, Japan and many others. It is used mainly in less developed countries with large populations.
Some of the countries include Afghanistan, Benin, Burkina Faso, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Egypt, Gambia, India, Indonesia, Iraq, Lebanon, Mauritania, Peru, Philippines, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Suriname, Tchad, Uganda, and Zimbabwe.
It is also worth to note that indelible ink is not a fool-proof method and has its disadvantages such as:
· Indelible ink itself can be used to commit electoral fraud by marking opponent party members before they have the chance to cast their votes; and
· There have been cases in Afghanistan where “indelible” ink have washed off voters’ fingers using bleach; such ink was blamed for contributing to fraud in the first Afghan presidential election in 2005.
In short, if Malaysia decides to use indelible ink, for a country that has a comprehensive database and biometric identification of its citizens, it can be viewed as step backwards for the nation and not a step forward. Remember, less than 20 countries out of 194 countries uses indelible ink in their general elections.
For those countries who don’t use inedible ink, do you regard them as corrupt?
Bersih organizers have really managed to divert the attention of the public on this. Pure deception
4. Minimum 21 days campaign period
The EC should stipulate a campaign period of not less than 21 days. A longer campaign period would allow voters more time to gather information and deliberate on their choices. It will also allow candidates more time to disseminate information to rural areas. The first national elections in 1955 under the British Colonial Government had a campaign period of 42 days but the campaign period for 12th GE in 2008 was a mere 8 days.
There is no standard or best practice in any countries to determine the optimum campaign period. For example, Singapore has a 9-day campaign period, the United Kingdom has 17 days and Philippines has a 90-day campaign period. The misconception by the public at large is that the campaign period (whether it is 5 days, 21 days, 40 days, 60 days or even 100 days) guarantees a fair election.
Campaign activities must be viewed as an on-going activity by the ruling and opposition parties and not a one-off activity due to General Election. Both parties must work hard daily or throughout the year to ensure support from grass roots and voters at their respective constituencies. The all year round consistent campaigning throughout each constituency guarantees better results than a one-off GE campaign approach. This is particularly true in the modern world’s 24-hour news cycle, where politicians constantly jostle for media and public attention.
I feel that regardless the campaign period, both parties are not privy to the actual General Election dates (while it is true that in Malaysia, the incumbent Prime Minister has the upper hand due to his constitutional role in advising the Agong regarding the dissolution of Parliament, we know that even ruling party politicians play constant guessing games regarding the exact timing of polls). Hence, it is in the interest of both parties (ruling and opposition) to identify winnable candidates and strengthening their grassroots support through regular campaigning. I believe both sides are working equally hard at the grass root level to gain support.
In short, Bersih organizers and supporters should not view the campaign period as a key determining factor to ensure fair elections. Again, they have deceived the public and caused unnecessary anger.
5. Free and fair access to media
It is no secret that the Malaysian mainstream media fails to practice proportionate, fair and objective reporting for political parties of all divide. Bersih 2.0 calls on the EC to press for all media agencies, especially state-funded media agencies such as Radio and Television Malaysia (RTM) and Bernama to allocate proportionate and objective coverage for all political parties.
I feel this is a lob-sided request by Bersih 2.0. Free and fair access to media has been a hot topic of debate since Tun Mahathir’s time. At the same time, we are aware of the existence of alternative media which provide differing views which are sometimes being perceived as unfairly critical of one side or the other.
Lets look at some facts.
According to ITU (United Nation specialized agency for ICT), Malaysia has 17 million internet users in 2010. According to Nielsen research in 2010, newspaper in Malaysia has approximately 15 million readership (54% of population).
Malaysiakini recorded 1 million visitor in January 2011. For one year, it is estimated the total visitor is around 12 million people. And remember, we have other online news portal such as Malaysia Insider, Malaysia Reserve, etc.
On another data by Malaysian Digital Association (MDA) in April 2011, Malaysiakini recorded higher number of unique visitors at 2.7 million compared to the Star online at 2.4 million.
Therefore, if you compare the mainstream news vis-à-vis the alternative / online media, the equal number of visitors/ readers for both shows equal playing field if you want to view it politically. Why Bersih is making a big fuss out of this ?
Another strong point to note is that the Government does not ban or censor Malaysiakini, Malaysian Insider or any other internet portals must be viewed as a significant step compared to other countries. Despite much provocation from opposition-leaning portals, the Malaysian government has kept to its commitment of free and open Internet since the launching of the Multimedia Super Corridor, and I think the Government deserves a bit more credit for not emulating China in this regard.
In recent times, we have seen the birth of “invisible & anonymous online cybertroopers” whose job is to consistently post negative comments on any article that appear in various Internet portals.
Whilst we all know that these are either planned or posted by a small handful of individuals, we have not witnessed any censorship from the Government on the strings of unintelligent and provocative postings, including comments relating and blaming everything on the present Government.
The silent majority knows that most of the comments posted online at Malaysia Kini and Malaysia Insider are fabricated / scripted by certain quarters. Postings / ramblings such as “Hidup Pakatan”, “Wait for the next GE”, “Lets vote PR”, “Government bodoh”, etc are “recycled” and appeared in different articles.
If we want to scrutinize further, Malaysiakini and Malaysian Insider journalists have the tendency to post a negative title to capture the attention of the readers/ visitors. This makes certain quarters feel that the online-media are pro opposition.
So to sum it all, both political parties have equal playing field judging from the number of readers/visitors for both mainstream and alternative media. To allow fair reporting for all political parties, my view is that Bersih 2.0 must also call for the EC to ensure that online media such as Malaysiakini and Malaysian Insider practice proportionate, fair and balanced reporting.
6. Strengthen public institutions
Public institutions must act independently and impartially in upholding the rule of law and democracy. Public institutions such as the Judiciary, Attorney-General, Malaysian Anti-Corruption Agency (MACC), Police and the EC must be reformed to act independently, uphold laws and protect human rights. In particular, the EC must perform its constitutional duty to act independently and impartially so as to enjoy public confidence. The EC cannot continue to claim that they have no power to act, as the law provides for sufficient powers to institute a credible electoral system.
I fail to comprehend how Bersih 2.0 can make this call for “reform” of the institutions mentioned, when the Government has been doing precisely this for several years now, beginning with the Royal Commission to Enhance the Operation and Management of the Royal Malaysian Police, the establishment of the Judicial Appointments Commission, as well as the establishment of the Malaysian Anti Corruption Commission.
In other words, the transformation of various national institutions is an ongoing process. And so, rather than continuing to lambast and ridicule vital institutions of the state such as the MACC and the police, I suggest that the Opposition and their friends in Bersih 2.0 should start being more productive and suggest concrete measures to transform our institutions for the better.
This is especially true for the Elections Commission. Other than continued calls from the Opposition for the EC to “report to Parliament” (what does that mean, anyway? Who is Parliament should they report to? How would reporting to a committee made up of squabbling politicians be any improvement from the current way that the EC is established?), we have not heard any specific and concrete measures to improve the EC.
Stop hiding behind vague rhetorical statements, and try to be more specific and concrete about what changes you propose to make.
7. Stop corruption
Corruption is a disease that has infected every aspect of Malaysian life. BERSIH 2.0 and the rakyat demand for an end to all forms of corruption. Current efforts to eradicate corruption are mere tokens to appease public grouses. We demand that serious action is taken against ALL allegations of corruption, including vote buying.
I agree and support Bersih 2.0’s call for war on Corruption. I am totally behind this as no one likes or condones corrupt practices in this country.
It took me several days to study this in greater depth and looking at what the present Government is doing vis-à-vis other countries. I am very passionate to share my findings with my fellow Malaysians who are there in KL raving about corruption.
My view can be simplified as follow.
Fighting corruption is an on-going battle, and I believe each country have to come up with preventive measures to curb corruption. When I looked at developed countries like Hong Kong, Singapore and the United States, it took them more than 10 years to fight corruption to a level where it is acceptable by global standards.
One of my ex-colleague is in a top 3 global investment bank and she had the opportunity to sit in to listen to the Government Transformation Programme (GTP as popularly known in Malaysia) update during an analyst roadshow in Singapore and Hong Kong. From her discussion with many other analyst, Malaysia has placed a number of significant game changer initiatives to prevent corruption and this is clearly reflect in the GTP annual report (which I’m told can be downloaded for free).
As this most hotly debated topic in Malaysia, I did some research on the web to get a better understand on what she meant by “significant game changer initiatives”.
For the first time, a Whistle Blower Act has been gazetted and now every Malaysians can submit a case and his/her identity will be protected. This is something new for all of us in Malaysia.
Next was the announcement of 18 corruption courts expedite corruption cases so that swift action can be taken. I think this is a brilliant idea! Not many countries have this.
From the MACC website, I found out more than 800 people have been arrested for corruption in 2010 alone. And 200 + confirmed cases have been published on the MACC website with names, IC number and photographs. This is indeed a significant milestones for this country if you ask me. I think we are following closely the Hong Kong model. For the record, ICAC of Hong Kong do publish the statistics of the convicted cases on their website.
I also managed to check how transparent the Government is in publishing the government award contracts, I have found this website called MyProcurement. Quite rough but it fits the purpose of listing more than 3,000 government award contracts. Not bad if you think about it.
Overall, although more can be said about Malaysia’s effort in fighting corruption, I feel Malaysia in the recent time has made leaps and bounds to build preventive measures.
At the end of the day, the corruption case may not reduce to zero overnight, but as a Malaysian, we have to give some credit on MACC’s effort.
Coming back to Bersih 2.0. Yes, I do support this demand/request by them. In fact, Bersih should work with the Government to bring the corruption cases along with the evidence forward as they have 18 corruption courts to expedite the matter. Anyone can make vague and unsubstantiated claims about corruption. Why Bersih 2.0 did not bring forward actual corrupt cases and work with MACC or EC remains unclear.
So Bersih should stop riding on this demand knowing the fact that Malaysia is doing everything they possibly can to fight corruption. In fact, stop being rhetoric about such pronouncement of intent. Rather, please work withMACC and bring solid corruption cases ! The public at large are sick of talk and debating about rhetoric stuff and all we need is to bring more corruption cases forward!
8. Stop dirty politics
Malaysians are tired of dirty politics that has been the main feature of the Malaysian political arena. We demand for all political parties and politicians to put an end to gutter politics. As citizens and voters, we are not interested in gutter politics; we are interested in policies that affect the nation.
If there is one demand from Bersih 2.0 that I like, then this will be it. We must stop dirty politics on both sides.
Politics in Malaysia is still at infancy stage. Fact based argument is often twisted to inject doubt in the society. Racial sentiments are always played to spark racial divide. Personal allegation and remarks between political leaders are often chosen as the best method as opposed to fact based arguments or healthy intellectual debate.
If you look in the last 10 years, the existence of a digital community has changed the landscape on how we think and altered our perception on they how we view a particular subject. More predominantly when everyone can express themselves through a combination of facts, fiction, lies and emotions on the web (i.e blogs, online media), then things start to change. This is coupled with the existence of “invisible cyber troopers” (from both sides) starting to post comments on negative things about this country.
Slowly but surely most of us in Malaysia are now blaming the Government’s education system for our kids’ lack of achievement despite given scholarship, good residential schools, etc. We blame the Government for the high cost of living despite having the lowest interest rate for car loans, property loans, etc. We blame the Government for not giving the rakyat enough subsidy despite being one of the most highly subsidized countries in the world. We blame the Government for not having sufficient investors into the country despite our Bursa Malaysia reaching 6 times record high in 2011 alone, etc.
I hope we do not come to a stage where we blame the Government for climate change too.
On the statement by Bersih 2.0 on “ we are interested in policies that affect the nation”, I managed to do a quick research about the Government Transformation Programme and the Economic Transformation Programme (ETP) that the Najib administration talked about. After hours of research and reading, I almost fainted to count the number of articles and report from financial analyst/economists around the world on the national transformation agenda. Whether it has impact or not, one thing for sure the stock market in Malaysia has record high at 1580 points in 2011. That excludes that the fact the our stock Market has reach at least 5 times record high in 6 months of 2011 !
I mean, on one hand we demand “policies that affect the nation”, one one hand we forgot about the very achievements which are taking place infront of our eyes.
Dear fellow Malaysians, reading and observing how we act as a country, for a homogenous society, we need to embrace and forgive our differences.
We should be grateful. Malaysia is blessed with so many positive things surrounding us vis-à-vis our neighbouring country.
Each of us have a role to play.
Rallying and street demonstration doesn’t guarantee a better future.
Let’s stop the bickering and dirty politics.
Let’s focus on building this country together.
My 2 cents? I don't have the energy to do what this guy did, which is checking all the facts, hence I was neither here nor there wrt to the whole thing. But one thing I know, things that was overly publicized and causing a lot of difficulties to the masses, something is wrong somewhere, though not entirely. We can challenge his points by double checking all the facts that he laid down, as he clearly stated his source, by all means, be my guest. As for me, this is a wake up call, next time anything like this comes up, we should at least dig out some facts first before gets carried away with the sentiments. But then again, its a free country, its your choice.

Saturday, July 23, 2011

Its a new thing ;)

I have found a new thing, something that I can do!! Though not from scratch, I am liking it. As we gearing towards Ramadhan, the committee at work tasked me to come up with promotional posters. So I did some surfing and found some that I like. Thanks to the magic of www, I managed to come up with these:
Plagiarized from this site
 And another one:
Tiru bulat-bulat dari sini...
 Well....I don't think I can quit my day job yet. One simple step, I took like to 2 hours to figure out, then I consult the great Master  : You tube....hehehe....voila, done in less than 2 minutes..ddduuhhh.....

Tuesday, July 19, 2011

C27-Something that you could never get tired of doing

Definitely knitting, without a doubt. I may not be able to make a decent garment yet (see when we can get rid of the YET), but as I said before I'd die trying. :D

I know I have been owing quite a handful of people, and I am slowly working my way to it. Somehow this week I managed to come up with this cutie. Now it is on its way to the rightful owner. Hopefully by the time it reaches her, it fits her nicely :)

yet another booties
 More projects to come....bigger probably? :P

The Cabbie

A friend forwarded this to me 3 years back, was browsing some old email and I think this story is evergreen. There is that spot in my heart that was touched each time I read it......
Twenty years ago, I drove a cab for a living. One night I took a fare at 2:30 am, when I arrived to collect, the building was dark except for a single light in a ground floor window. Under these circumstances, many drivers would just honk once.

But, I had seen too many impoverished people who depended on taxis as their only means of transportation. Unless a situation smelled of danger, I always went to the door.. This passenger might be someone who needs my assistance, I reasoned to myself.

So I walked to the door and knocked. 'Just a minute', answered a frail, elderly voice. I could hear something being dragged across the floor.

After a long pause, the door opened. A small woman in her 80's stood before me. She was wearing a print dress and a pillbox hat with a veil pinned on it, like somebody out of a 1940's movie.

By her side was a small nylon suitcase The apartment looked as if no one had lived in it for years. All the furniture was covered with sheets.

There were no clocks on the walls, no knickknacks or utensils on the counters. In the corner was a cardboard box filled with photos and glassware.

'Would you carry my bag out to the car?' she said. I took the suitcase to the cab, then returned to assist the woman.

She took my arm and we walked slowly toward the curb.

She kept thanking me for my kindness. 'It's nothing', I told her. 'I just try to treat my passengers the way I would want my mother treated'.

'Oh, you're such a good boy', she said. When we got in the cab, she gave me an address, and then asked, 'Could you drive through downtown?'

'It's not the shortest way,' I answered quickly.

'Oh, I don't mind,' she said 'I'm in no hurry. I'm on my way to a hospice'.

I looked in the rear-view mirror. Her eyes were glistening. 'I don't have any family left,' she continued. 'The doctor says I don't have very long.' I quietly reached over and shut off the meter.

'What route would you like me to take?' I asked.

For the next two hours, we drove through the city. She showed me the building where she had once worked as an elevator operator.
We drove through the neighborhood where she and her husband had lived when they were newlyweds. She had me pull up in front of a furniture warehouse that had once been a ballroom where she had gone dancing as a girl.
Sometimes she'd ask me to slow in front of a particular building or corner and would sit staring into the darkness, saying nothing.
As the first hint of sun was creasing the horizon, she suddenly said, 'I' m tired. Let's go now'.
We drove in silence to the address she had given me. It was a low building, like a small convalescent home, with a driveway that passed under a portico. Two orderlies came out to the cab as soon as we pulled up. They were solicitous and intent, watching her every move. They must have been expecting her.
I opened the trunk and took the small suitcase to the door. The woman was already seated in a wheelchair.

'How much do I owe you?' she asked, reaching into her purse.
'Nothing,' I said
'You have to make a living,' she answered. 'There are other passengers,' I responded. Almost without thinking, I bent and gave her a hug. She held onto me tightly.
'You gave an old woman a little moment of joy,' she said. 'Thank you.'

I squeezed her hand, and then walked into the dim morning light. Behind me, a door shut. It was the sound of the closing of a life.

I didn't pick up any more passengers that shift. I drove aimlessly lost in thought. For the rest of that day, I could hardly talk. What if that woman had gotten an angry driver, or one who was impatient to end his shift?

What if I had refused to take the run, or had honked once, then driven away?
On a quick review, I don't think that I have done anything more important in my life.

We're conditioned to think that our lives revolve around great moments.

But great moments often catch us unaware-beautifully wrapped in what others may consider a small one.


You won't get any big surprise in 10 days if you send this to ten people.

But, you might help make the world a little kinder and more compassionate by sending it on.

Thank you, my friend....

Life may not be the party we hoped for, but while we are here we might as well dance

Monday, July 18, 2011

An Epic Journey part 1

حيم الر حمن الله الر بسم
First and foremost Alhamdulillah, I have been given the chance to share what I have gained during the short course. Most of the following notes are taken from the course binder (yes, I copied directly) as I am in no capacity to come out with the insights and learning on my own.  

Am sure some of the readers knows more than I do, so please, if any of the facts and learning presented here is misleading, kindly let me know, so we will not astray in the road for Allah’s blessing. The main learnings are all numbered (in blue) and InsyaAllah I will try my best to share all, in no particular time frame  :) Besides the tafseer of the ayat, I will also be sharing some useful info on general tafseer as well.

Ulama’ dives into tafseer by means of : 
  • Arabic language grammar
  • Expressiveness’ of the ayat : the ayat was being told as a form of reminder, order, or to tell a story
  • Reasons for revelations of the ayat and surah
  • Different qira’at
  • Tells about other verses that has association with the story and ayat.
From Palestine to Egypt, An Epic Journey
Taught by: Sheikh Sajid Ahmed Umar

Introductory information about Surah Yusuf
Name : The surah is named thus because it is dedicated in entirety to the biography of Yusuf A.S
Place of revelation:
  • According to the majority of scholars, the entire surah is Makki
  • According to b. Abbas and Qatadah, the surah is Makki with the exception of ayat 1,2,3 and 7
Number of ayat
It is composed of 111 ayat according to the most correct opinion. The story of Yusuf A.S are told in 102 verse, the rest are conclusion to the story.

Reasons for revelation (Asbab al-Nuzul)
1. Test:
1.1 One view is that Surah Yusuf was revealed after the Jews attempted to test the Prophet Muhammad S.A.W in an effort to discredit him. Thus, because the Prophet (S.A.W) was from the lineage of Ibrahim (A.S), they asked him about Yusuf (A.S).

1.2 Another version states that the Jews told the idolaters of Makkah to question the Prophet (S.A.W) about Yusuf (A.S), and how the family of Ya’qub (A.S) moved from Palestine to Egypt, in order to test his prophethood. The Jews were of the opinion that the Prophet (S.A.W) would seek the answer by asking them about Yusuf (A.S), thus exposing himself (Prophet Muhammad S.A.W) as a fraud. However this plot of theirs failed because Allah SWT revealed this surah to his messenger (Prophet Muhammad S.A.W). in fact Allah SWT further said :

Surah Hud, verse 49

Salasilah Nabi/Rasul

Prophet Muhammad S.A.W was from Isma'il (A.S), as we can see above the lineage of all other Rasuls before him (after Isma'il A.S) are from Ishaq (A.S), which belongs to Bani Israel. This is one of the refute the Jews has in terms of not accepting Muhammad S.A.W as the final Rasul, as he is of Bani Quraish.
2. Best of stories:
2.1 Al-Hakim reports that Sa’ad b. Abi Waqas reported that, as the Qur’an was being revealed to the Prophet, he was relaying it to its companions, until the companions requested “Please relate to us stories”. So Allah revealed: “We relate to you, [O, Muhammad], the best of stories in what We have revealed to you of this Qur’an although you were, before it, among the unaware.”[Surah Yusuf, 12:3]

Then Prophet conveyed the story of Yusuf to the Companions until they said, “please speak to us”; so Allah revealed : Allah has sent down the best statement, a consistent Book wherein is reiteration….”[Surah al-Zumar, 39:23]

In other narration by Sa’id b. Jubayr it is added that the Prophet spoke to the companions, until a time when they asked the Prophet, “please remind us,” so Allah then revealed: “Has the time not come for those who have believed that their hearts should become humbly submissive at the remembrance of Allah and what has come down of the truth?….” [Surah al-Hadid, 57:16]

1. This teaches us the importance of being diverse in our teaching and propagating methods. Audience must be kept engaged in a way that their hearts continue to yearn for more.

Was Surah Yusuf revealed near the beginning or end of the Makkan period?
Timeline of Surah Yusuf revelation
2. The way to alleviate someone’s pain is to tell a story of somebody else’s who has experienced the same ordeal. This is how Allah SWT ease Rasulullah SAW’s pain due to many difficulties faced at that time.

I think this is quite long for introductory and I am not done with the muqaddimah yet :D That’s all for now, till next part, wassalam..