Saturday, January 14, 2012

An Epic Journey part 6

Assalamualaikum wbt, 

Next part is finally here, slowly but surely, insyaAllah ;)

We are still at the ayat 4-5 Surah Yusuf, let’s recap the meaning:
[Of these stories mention] when Yusuf said to his father, "O my father, indeed I have seen [in a dream] eleven stars and the sun and the moon; I saw them prostrating to me."
He said, "O my son, do not relate your vision to your brothers or they will contrive against you a plan. Indeed Satan, to man, is a manifest enemy.

Further tafseer and learning that can be derived from these two ayats:
12. The relationship and interaction between parents and offspring
In various ayat, Allah SWT describes to us specifically how the prophets addressed their children:
Ya’qub and his son
The beginning of ayat 5 describes to us the manner in which Ya’qub AS addressed his young son Yusuf AS (O' my son)
Ibrahim and his son
In the following ayat (37:102) Allah beautifully describes to us how Ibrahim spoke to his son Ismail.
“And when he reached with him [the age of] exertion, he said, "O my son, indeed I have seen in a dream that I [must] sacrifice you, so see what you think." He said, "O my father, do as you are commanded. You will find me, if Allah wills, of the steadfast."

Luqman and his son
Ayat 13 and 16—17 in Surah Luqman (Q.31) demonstrate the manner in which Luqman advised his son:
And [mention, O Muhammad], when Luqman said to his son while he was instructing him, "O my son, do not associate [anything] with Allah . Indeed, association [with him] is great injustice."
[And Luqman said], "O my son, indeed if wrong should be the weight of a mustard seed and should be within a rock or [anywhere] in the heavens or in the earth, Allah will bring it forth. Indeed, Allah is Subtle and Acquainted. O my son, establish prayer, enjoin what is right, forbid what is wrong, and be patient over what befalls you. Indeed, [all] that is of the matters [requiring] determination.
Ya’qub and Ibrahim to their sons
The advice Ya’qub and Ibrahim gave their sons from their deathbed is related to us in Surah Al-Baqarah, 2:132 and Abraham instructed his sons [to do the same] and [so did] Ya’qub, [saying], "O my sons, indeed Allah has chosen for you this religion, so do not die except while you are Muslims."
The sun and the moon
What do the sun and the moon in the dream of Yusuf AS represent?
Most of the ulama of the opinion in Yusuf's dream the eleven stars represent his brothers, who were eleven, and the sun and the moon, represent his father and mother.
This explanation was collected from Ibn Abbas, Ad-Dahhak, Qatadah, Sufyan Ath-Thawri and Abdur-Rahman bin Zayd bin Aslam.
13. Disclosing of the information
This ayat demonstrate the permissibility of not disclosing information about certain matters
Is warning our Muslim brother about the activities of another Muslim brother against him gheebah (backbiting)?
Imam An-Nawawi states there are 6 circumstances to enable talking about another brother behind his back

Types of Permissible Gheebah, taken from this webpage 

Gheebah is permissible for a sound religious purpose that cannot be achieved except by using it. These permissible types of Gheebah are as follows:

1. Complaint because of an injustice, such as complaining to a ruler, judge or others in authority. A person may say in this case: "I was treated unjustly by so-and-so in such and such matter."

2. Seeking help to change a Munkar (wrong deed) and to correct the wrongdoers. A person may say: "A person does such and such, so stop him." His intention should be to check the Munkar. If this is not the case, then the statement is Haraam.

3. Seeking a Fatwa. A person may state to the Imam, Mufti or Shaikh, "My father, brother or so-and-so has treated me unfairly. Is that act permissible? And how do I get out of this situation? How do I obtain my rights?" This way of seeking a Fatwa is permissible. However, it is safer and more preferable to say whatever would be said about a non-specific person as doing such and such, as anonymously as possible.

4. Warning Muslims against evil and advising them. This could include criticism of untrustworthy narrators or witnesses. This is permissible by Ijmaa', rather it is mandatory and the benefit is very clear. Such as consulting in the matters of marriage or a business partnership. In this case, the person consulted should not hide anything about the concerned person. He should mention the faulty qualities only with the intention of benefiting the consultant.

5. Mentioning the person who indulges in Haraam or Bid'ah openly. This would include mentioning those who openly drink Khamr or those in positions of authority doing wrong. It is permissible to mention the sin of such a person. However, it is prohibited to mention the person with a different sin unless there is a reason that makes it permissible to do so for that sin.

6. Identifying a person. If a person is known by a descriptive nickname, such as Al-A'mash (squint-eyed), Al-A'raj (one who walks with a limp), or Al-Asamm (deaf), then it is permissible to use these names for identification purposes. But it is not permitted to use these names if the intention is to insult the person. If it is possible to identify such person by using another descriptive name, then it is better and preferable.

14. Excuses
After warning Yusuf AS about his brothers, Ya’qub made it clear that even if something adverse happens to him, it is the consequence of Shaytan’s plots, which illustrate the importance of making excuses for our Muslim brothers and sisters as much as possible. (Orang Melayu cakap, bersangka baik, unless we know exactly why they did what they did)
15. Jealousy
We observe from this ayat that jealousy between siblings and other relatives in an unfortunate reality and do exist.
16. Prostration
Prostration should only be made to Allah SWT. However, Yusuf saw in his dream that the eleven stars, the sun, and the moon were prostrating themselves to him. How can this be explained?

Allah narrates the reply Yaqub gave his son Yusuf when he narrated to him the vision that he saw, which indicated that his brothers would be under his authority. They would be subjugated to Yusuf's authority to such an extent that they would prostrate before him in respect, honor and appreciation. Yaqub feared that if Yusuf narrated his vision to any of his brothers, they would envy him and conspire evil plots against him. This is why Yaqub said to Yusuf, (Relate not your vision to your brothers, lest they should arrange a plot against you).

Are we governed by the laws of previous nations as legislated through previous prophets?
The previous law only applies if the law is in the Quran and shariah has not abrogated the law.

17. Ya’qub only spend less than 7 years with Yusuf, yet he built a great foundation that Yusuf brought with him many years after that. We will see later in this story, when Yusuf has no one to turn to and yet he still remain steadfast to his faith.

18. The ayat highlights the requirement of assessing situations with clear perceptions and insights.

From 5 ayat, we have extracted 17 learning altogether, more to come, insyaAllah!! :D


  1. the ayat that u mentioned - Surah Yusuf ayat 4 on the 11 stars, moon and sun - is good to read utk mendapatkan jodoh yg baik, that's what my arwah grandma told my mum, and my mum told me.
    combine it with Surah Taha ayat 39 the later part (from "Wa ailqaitu...") amalkan selalu, inshaAllah... :-)


“Flatter me, and I may not believe you. Criticize me, and I may not like you. Ignore me, and I may not forgive you. Encourage me, and I will not forget you." ~ William Arthur Ward...

So what say you? ;)